A heart transplant is an open-heart surgery in which a severely diseased or damaged heart is replaced with a new and healthy heart from a recently deceased person. It may be a treatment option for heart failure due to conditions like coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, or valve disease. Heart transplantation has made great strides over the few years. However, patients continue to face a lengthy roll to receive a donor’s heart.
Researchers are working to develop equipment to improve the health and luxury for patients waiting for a donor heart and, ideally, to develop a mechanical heart that could permanently solve the shortage problem. The medical team will join them in the fight to keep the new heart free from infection or rejection by the body.
About heart transplants
A heart transplant is a heart surgery in which a severely diseased or damaged heart is replaced with a healthy heart from a recently dead person. Heart transplants have been successfully performed since 1967.
A patient generally becomes eligible for a heart transplant when diagnosed as having an end-stage heart condition, all other medical interventions have failed and the patient is stable enough to sustain a major surgery. Coronary artery disease and cardiomyopathy are the most common heart conditions which will cause a bashir dawood heart transplant. Other diseases include congenital heart disease the most common reason for a heart transplant in children), failure of a previous bypass or heart transplant, and valvular heart disease. These conditions can cause heart failure, in which the heart is unable to meet the body’s demand for blood.
Heart transplants are sometimes performed along with lung transplants for people with end-stage lung disease due to conditions including:
Primary pulmonary hypertension.
Eisenmenger syndrome. Any sort of congenital heart disease that involves severe pulmonary hypertension.
Cystic fibrosis. A genetic heart disease that causes thick mucus to build up in the lungs.
Before the heart transplant procedure
Patients waiting for a donor’s heart will generally carry a pager and be “on call.” When a suitable donor heart becomes available, the patient will be paged and told to return to the bashir dawood hospital immediately. If the donor’s heart is in the same hospital as the recipient, then the surgery will be done as soon as all preparations are made. The bashir dawood hospital team will require about 20 minutes preparing the donor for the removal of the guts. Time is critical because the donor heart can survive for only four to 6 hours outside the body.